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The New York Division of Well being on Thursday reported a case of polio in a resident of the state’s Rockland County.
This case marks the primary within the U.S. in practically a decade.
The division mentioned it was recognized by sequencing on the Wadsworth Heart – its public well being laboratory – and confirmed by the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC).
The sequencing confirmed revertant polio Sabin sort 2 virus.
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“This is indicative of a transmission chain from an individual who received the oral polio vaccine (OPV), which is no longer authorized or administered in the U.S., where only the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) has been given since 2000,” the division wrote. “This suggests that the virus may have originated in a location outside of the U.S. where OPV is administered, since revertant strains cannot emerge from inactivated vaccines.”
Polio is endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The state Well being Division, the Rockland County Division of Well being and the New York Metropolis Division of Well being and Psychological Hygiene are coordinating to proceed the case investigation and “proactively respond.”
A viral illness that may have an effect on the nervous system and trigger muscle weak spot, the polio virus sometimes enters by the mouth.
Whereas it’s often transmitted by fingers contaminated with the fecal matter of an contaminated individual, respiratory and oral-to-oral transmission by saliva can also happen.
Polio could be very contagious and an individual can unfold the virus even when they don’t seem to be sick. Nearly all of individuals contaminated with polio haven’t any signs.
Signs might be delicate and flu-like and may take as much as 30 days to current, throughout which the contaminated particular person can unfold the virus to others.
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Though uncommon, some instances can lead to paralysis or dying.
As a result of success of the polio vaccine, launched in 1955, instances have been lower dramatically within the late Fifties and early Sixties. The final naturally occurring instances of polio within the U.S. have been reported in 1979 and the final recognized case within the nation was recorded by the CDC in 2013.
The polio vaccine is a part of the required college immunization schedule for all youngsters. In accordance with the newest CDC knowledge, about 93% of 2-year-olds had obtained a minimum of three doses of polio vaccine.
All of those that haven’t accomplished their polio vaccine collection beforehand – or Rockland County members who’re involved they could have been uncovered to the virus – ought to get vaccinated at native vaccine clinics.
Individuals there who’ve already been vaccinated, who’re thought of to be at decrease threat, however are liable to publicity ought to obtain a booster.
The primary clinic in New York’s Rockland County will likely be on the Pomona Well being Complicated on Friday from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. ET. A second clinic on the identical location will likely be held on Monday. Stroll-ins will likely be accepted.
Officers are advising medical practitioners and well being care suppliers to be vigilant for extra instances.
The Related Press contributed to this report.