Florida warns residents of large African land snail which will trigger meningitis in people: report

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Do you know some snails could cause meningitis? 

The Florida Division of Agriculture and Shopper Companies (FDACS) is warning Pasco County to watch out for the large African land snail (GALS) that may carry a uncommon rat lungworm known as Angiostrongylus cantonensis, which can trigger meningitis in people, in accordance with the state’s latest “Pest Alert.” 

“The giant African land snail … is one of the most invasive pests on the planet, causing agricultural and environmental damage wherever it is found,” the report added.  

After receiving discover of a “possible” inhabitants of the snail in New Port Richey, Pasco County on June 21, FDACS stated a property survey confirmed the presence of a white type of the large African land snail two days later. 

“The giant African land snail … is one of the most invasive pests on the planet, causing agricultural and environmental damage wherever it is found,” the report added.  
(U. S. Customs and Border Safety)

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“The phenotype in Pasco County has a creamy white flesh as opposed to the grey-ish brown flesh of the phenotype that was eradicated in the Miami area,” stated Erin M. Moffet, FDACS’s communications director.  

Moffet informed Every day Submit that Mellon, a mollusk detector canine, is actively surveying for the pest. 

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The division stated on their web site that they’ll deal with properties with a particular snail bait that may be a metaldehyde-based molluscicide labeled by the U.S. Environmental Safety Company for residential use.   

Metaldehyde is a pesticide used to regulate snails that’s accredited to be used in lots of crops, fruit bushes, avocado and citrus orchards, berry crops, banana crops and in restricted residential areas, the division stated on their web site.  

The pesticide interferes with the snail’s mucus manufacturing capability, thereby decreasing their digestion and mobility, which makes them inclined to dehydration, per the web site.  

After consuming the metaldehyde, the GALS typically seeks hiding locations, then turns into inactive and begins to die inside days, the division stated.  

“FDACS’s Division of Plant Industry has begun to survey the area, enacted a quarantine and will begin treatment for this detrimental pest on June 29, 2022,” the state division stated.  

“It is unlawful to move the giant African land snail or a regulated article, including but not limited to, plants, plants parts, plants in soil, soil, yard waste, debris, compost or building materials, within, through or from a quarantine area without a compliance agreement.” 

The snail is in style within the pet commerce in different nations, however it’s a federally prohibited organism that can not be legally bought or possessed in the US, per the FDACS report.  

The snail is popular in the pet trade in other countries, but it is a federally prohibited organism that cannot be legally sold or possessed in the United States, per the FDACS report.  

The snail is in style within the pet commerce in different nations, however it’s a federally prohibited organism that can not be legally bought or possessed in the US, per the FDACS report.  
(U. S. Customs and Border Safety)

“The giant African land snail is one of the most damaging snails in the world and consumes at least 500 different types of plants. These snails could be devastating to Florida agriculture and natural areas as they cause extensive damage to tropical and subtropical environments,” FDACS stated on their web site.  

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The state first eradicated the pest in 1975 after detecting it in 1969 and most not too long ago eradicated the pest in 2021 after detecting it in 2011 in Miami-Dade County, per the FDACS web site.  

The snail could cause a illness known as Angiostrongliasis, or rat lungworm illness, in accordance with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC).  

“An infected rat coughs up worms from the lungs into the throat where they are then swallowed by the rat. The worms are now in the rat’s digestive system and eventually end up in the rat’s poop,” the CDC stated. 

A snail will get contaminated two methods: by both accidently consuming the rat’s poop or the worm penetrating the snail’s physique.  

“When a rat eats an infected slug or snail, the cycle begins again,” the CDC added. 

Most circumstances of rat lungworm illness happen in components of Asia and the Pacific Islands, however some have been in Caribbean, Africa and United States, like in Hawaii and Louisiana. 

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So why ought to people fear about it? 

Florida Agriculture Commissioner Nikki Fried and FDACS will be holding a press conference on the recent GALS detection from FDACS’ Clearwater office, which will be livestreamed on the Department’s Facebook page. 

Florida Agriculture Commissioner Nikki Fried and FDACS will probably be holding a press convention on the latest GALS detection from FDACS’ Clearwater workplace, which will probably be livestreamed on the Division’s Fb web page. 
( Drew Angerer/Getty Photos)

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Folks get the illness after they eat uncooked or undercooked snails which can be contaminated with the worms in addition to consuming fruits or greens that haven’t been washed nicely that additionally include the snails.  

“People present with symptoms of bacterial meningitis, such as nausea, vomiting, neck stiffness, and headaches that are often global and severe,” the CDC stated. 

“Most infections of [Angiostrongylus cantonensis] resolve spontaneously over time without specific treatment because the parasite cannot survive for long in the human body. However, serious complications can rarely occur, leading to neurologic dysfunction or death.” 

Florida Agriculture Commissioner Nikki Fried and FDACS will probably be holding a press convention on the latest GALS detection from FDACS’ Clearwater workplace, which will probably be livestreamed on the division’s Fb web page. 

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