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How has the COVID-19 pandemic modified after two years?
Extra nations are shifting towards a return to regular and studying to dwell with the virus. Secure, efficient vaccines have been developed and there is higher understanding of the best way to deal with folks sickened by the virus.
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Two years after the pandemic started, questions stay concerning the coronavirus. However specialists know much more about the best way to preserve it underneath management.
The virus primarily spreads by means of the air when an contaminated individual exhales, talks, coughs or sneezes. It is why well being officers have inspired using masks and ventilating areas, as a substitute of specializing in recommendation to wipe down surfaces as they did early on.
Remedy has additionally advanced for individuals who get sick or have to be hospitalized. Among the many choices are antivirals, such because the drug remdesivir, or newer capsules from Pfizer and Merck; anti-inflammatory medication together with steroids; and relying on what variant is circulating, lab-made antibodies to assault the virus.
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“The world has watched us learn in real-time how to treat COVID-19,” says Neil J. Sehgal, an assistant professor of well being coverage and administration on the College of Maryland College of Public Well being.
COVID-19 vaccines had been additionally developed in document time. As of early March, 10 vaccines have been cleared for emergency use by the World Well being Group.
Nonetheless, distribution of vaccines has been unequal regardless of a world effort to ship pictures extra pretty and misinformation has fueled hesitancy concerning the pictures.
And there’s nonetheless a lot left to study. Research are underway to higher perceive lengthy COVID-19, which may persist for months after an preliminary an infection. And scientists are looking out for the following fast-spreading variant.
“Eventually every country will have to learn to live with COVID,” says Sehgal.